Compounds found in ginseng are polysaccharides, vitamins sterols, amino acids and peptides, essential oil and polyalkynes.
The main characteristic products are triterpene saponins, glycosides of tetracyclic aglycones of the dammarane series, more specifically a 3b, 12b, 20(S)
Trihydroxylated type (protopanaxadiol) and a 3b, 6a, 12b, 20(S) tetrahydroxylated type (protopanaxatriol). Among protopanaxadiol type compounds,
Ginsenosides Ra1, Ra2, Ra3, Rb1, Rb2, Rb3, notoginsenosides R4, Rs1, Rs2 and malonylginsenosides Rb1, Rc, Rd can be found;
In the protopanaxatriol type compounds, ginsenosides Re, Rf, Rg1 and notoginsenoside R1 can be found.