(Fam. Valerianaceae), a perennial herbaceous plant widely distributed mostly in Europe but also in some parts of South America and Asia. It is nowadays cultivated on a large scale for medicinal use in Europe.
Different compounds are found in valerian:
• kessane derivatives, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes • Iridoids, also known as valepotriates, and their degradation products baldrinal, homobaldrinal and valtroxal
• Small amounts of alkaloids as well as amino acids (GABA, thyrosine, glutamine), flavonoids, triterpenes, various minerals and sugars.
• volatile oilLeading substances for identification and standardization are the cyclopentane-sesqui-terpenes valerenic acid, acetoxyvalerenic acid, hydroxyvalerenic acid and valerenal, as those components are only found in Valeriana officinalis.
Valerian root extract is a safe and effective herbal medicinal product for the treatment of nervous tension and especially difficulties in falling asleep or lack of sleep quality.