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Catalysts Ceramics Energy Carbon Pharma QUADRASORB e v o 'BX? surface area & pore size analyzer e v o = evolution The ability to adapt to a changing environment over time. This imparts a higher survival rate compared to those species that do not evolve. Surface Area & Pore Size 2 QUADRASORB evo 'BX? Features & Benefits ?" 8BET QuickMode'BX? - For industrial high throughput settings - Time savings up to 50%. CPQ6` By passes most initialization, extended evacuation, and transducer zeroing sequences. CPQ6` Samples can run synchronously. ?" 8Dedicated P o transducer and manifold provides uninterrupted dosing of samples during measurements. CPQ6` Po can be continually measured. CPQ6` No need to stop measurement to update P o. CPQ6` No slow down in analysis to measure P o. ?" 8Flexible P o Modes: CPQ6` Po can be estimated from ambient atmospheric pressure. CPQ6` Po can be entered as fixed value. CPQ6` Po can be analytically measured. ?" 8Hardware Features: CPQ6` Soft closing protective door with pneumatic hinges for operator safety. CPQ6` Integrated, insulated dewar covers incorporated in lift mechanism to extend the life and insulating the dewar content. CPQ6` Smooth belt drive dewar lift for precise control of Quantachrome"tas novel small cold zone. CPQ6` 1 torr, low pressure transducer for krypton and micropore measurements. CPQ6` Stainless steel gas paths including metal to metal seals for optimal vacuum performance. ?" 8New Dose Wizard'BX? Flexibility: CPQ6` Can use a previously measured sample as a dosing template for reduced analysis time. CPQ6` Can be used with or without QuickMode'BX?. Visit www.quantachrome.com for more detailed instrument speci@e?s`cations and download brochures. Benefits - Speed, Accuracy & Flexibility Quantachrome"tas QUADRASORB evo 'BX? Surface Area and Pore Size Analyzer is designed to satisfy busy labo - ratory needs for high analytical throughput, without sacrificing precision, flexibility or cost-2QSectiveness. Four simultaneous and independent analysis ports remove the limitations of single dewar systems allowing samples to be started as soon as previous measurements are completed. A dedicated transducer has been provided for measurement of P o (adsorbate saturated vapor pressure), so that continually measuring P o does not slow down analysis capabilities. The new BET @5?u#QuickMode TM`y? provides high throughput industrial materials characterization labs the ability to process samples at dramatically improved speeds. This measurement flexibility has never before been available in such a compact and cost-2QSective package. Capable of running four (4) samples in as little as 25 minutes.* QUADRASORB evo 'BX? surface area & pore size analyzer 3 The Newest Evolution in Gas Sorption Analysis With soft close hinges. Up to four independent sample stations; each can accommodate a variety of cell sizes. Gravity Rings- extends dewar life by form fitting closure (up to 30 hours). Automated, independent dewar elevators. Lower front panel opens to provide unrestricted access for dewar placement, maintenance and clean-up. » Fully automated, four sample port analyzer. EtIA Each of the analysis ports includes separate and independent Dewar (coolant flask), 1000 torr pressure sensor and P o (adsorbate saturated vapor pressure) cell. EtIA Each of the analysis ports includes coolant level sensor to maintain a constant, small cold-zone for maximum sensitivity. EtIA Communication port for PC control via Windows®-based software Pr oven Features: EtIA Each analysis port can be independently programmed with different analyses and measurement conditions. New samples can be started on each port as prior measurements are completed with little delay to other samples already in progress. EtIA Choose from two measurement techniques: CPQ6` Patented NOVA ) 2h helium-free method CPQ6` Classical helium void-volume method. EtIA Multiple gas dosing methods to optimize analysis time and resolution: CPQ6` Standard™- intelligently adjusts dose size in response to sample demand. CPQ6` Vector Dosing- user selectable dose volumes from 0.25 to 10cc per point CPQ6` Delta (volume) Max™ - adds data points in regions of large uptake so critical pore filling is never missed. CPQ6` Dose WizardEHFA` can be used with or without QuickMode TM enabled. This allows the instrument to dose more aggressively, saving significant analysis time. » Low maintenance, vacuum-volumetric system with temperature monitored dosing manifold. Krypton / Micropore Option for Low Surface Area and Micropore Measurements » Includes low pressure (1 torr) sensor and turbo-molecular vacuum pump. Available with optional oil-free roughing pump. ?" 8 Performs krypton gas sorption measurements for very low surface area determination, e.g. pharmaceutical actives, powdered metals, etc. on any or all sample stations. » Capable of low pressure adsorption data (as low as 4 x 10 -5 P/P o) necessary for more complete characterization of microporous materials, e.g. zeolites, activated carbons, molecular sieves. QUADRASORB evo 'BX? surface area & pore size analyzer 4 Physical Specifications Height: 29.0 inches (73.6 cm) Height Open: 44.0 inches (111.6 cm) Width: 25.25 inches (63.7 cm) Depth: 21.0 inches (53.3 cm) Depth Open: 26.2 inches (66.5 cm)Weight: 57.5 kg (127 lbs.)* Electrical: 100 - 240 VAC, 50/60 Hz Environmental: 10 - 38°C operating range at 90% maximum relative humidity. * Four (4) station standard model not Kr/MP model . Specifications / Accessories Analysis Specifications Pressure Transducers: Six 1000 torr transducers (one on each sample station, plus dosing manifold and P o manifold) plus one # 1 torr transducer (dosing manifold) Transducer Accuracy: 1000 torr: 0.11% full scale 1 torr: 0.15% reading Pressure Resolution: 0.016 torr (1000 torr range). 0.000016 torr (1 torr range). Ultimate Vacuum: <1x10 -2 torr achieved by dedicated two (2) stage rotary, direct drive pump 1x10 - 9 torr achieved by turbo- molecular vacuum pump in QUADRASORB evo TM- Kr/MP Adsorbate: Nitrogen or any other non-corrosive gas with appropriate coolant Surface Area Range: 0.01m 2/g to no known upper limit (nitrogen) 0.0005 m 2/g to no known upper limit (krypton) Kr/MP model only Minimum Pore Volume: (liquid): 2x10 -6 cc/g (STP): 0.0001cc/g Pore Size Range: 3.5 - 4000Å / 0.35 - 400 nm Minimum P/P o (N 2): 1 x 10 - 3 QUADRASORB evo TM 4 x 10 -5 QUADRASORB evo TM- Kr/MP Coolant Level: Automatically maintained at a level around the sample cell to minimize cold zone volume. # Kr/MP version only. Visit www.quantachrome.com for more detailed instrument speci@e?s`cations and download brochures. QUADRASORB evo 'BX? surface area & pore size analyzer 5 QuickMode TM Designed to benefit customers in an industrial setting that require high throughput BET surface area mea- surements. This is ideal for customers doing initial screening of candidate materials as part of a material discovery group. Our QuickMode TM will provide scien- tifically accurate surface area data. QuickMode TM Features: CPQ6` Shorter initialization cycle. CPQ6` All samples start at one time, running synchronously. CPQ6` When a sample finishes it is not immediately evacuated, but waits for the remaining samples in a batch to complete their runs unimpeded. CPQ6` Available in both classical helium void volume, helium free Nova mode, and with all of P o modes. Dose Wizard TM This unique proprietary method can yield even more time savings by using a previously measured isotherm as a dosing template. This provides the information of how much gas the sample is likely to adsorb at relative pressures utilizing the information from a previous analysis. In this mode, the unit does not have to learn and adjust how much gas to add in order to achieve a data point at each relative pressure. This results in sig- nificant time savings. The Dose Wizard TM can be used with or without QuickMode TM enabled. This allows the instrument to dose more aggressively, saving sig$b7- cant analysis time. Software & Firmware Improvements for Speed A new proprietary dosing algorithm, implemented in the QUADRASORB evo TM X•P8mware increases speed and accuracy for reaching target pressure in the mesopore range. For repeat analysis a feature has been added in the software to allow the option of entering previous measurements of a cold and warm zone. This significantly saves time as well. The dosing software has optimized the calculation of the rate of adsorption required in each dose. This reduces the number of doses required, and also speeds up analysis times. Compelling Impacts on Speed & Analysis Time All of the various improvements made can speed up analysis times from 30% to as high as 50% faster than the predecessor Quadrasorb TM SI. The geatest increas- es will be when using the QuickMode TM for standard BET analysis using the NOVA) 2h mode. Up to 50% Faster Analysis Time* *Than Quadrasorb TM SI using mesopore analysis in turbo mode. Four Multi-Point BET -Measurements in 25 Minutes!* *Multi-point BET Accelerated Analysis Times for Busy Labs Is the QUADRASORB evo TM 9???evolutionary `y? or “revolutionary `y? ? You decide! Technical improvements have made it possible to conduct surface area analyse up to 50% faster than previously! QUADRASORB evo 'BX? surface area & pore size analyzer 6 Gas Sorption Overview Figure 1: A section of one greatly enlarged particle of a solid. Figure 2: The monolayer of adsorbed molecules; typically 15 - 20% saturation. Figure 3 : The multilayer capillary conden- sation stage approximately 70% saturation. Figure 4: Total pore volume filling; approximately 100% saturation. The Gas Sorption Process Before performing gas sorption experiments, solid surfaces must be freed from contaminants such as water and oils. Surface cleaning (degassing) is most often carried out by placing a sample of the solid in a glass cell and heating it under vacuum or flowing gas. Figure 1 illustrates how a solid particle containing cracks, orifices and pores of different sizes and shapes might look after pretreatment. Once clean, the sample is brought to a constant temperature by means of an external bath. Then, small amounts of a gas (the adsorbate) are admit - ted in steps into the evacuated sample chamber. Gas molecules that stick to the surface of the solid (adsorbent) are said to be adsorbed and tend to form a thin layer that covers the entire adsorbent surface. Based on the well-known Brunauer, Emmett and Teller (B.E.T.) theory, one can estimate the number of molecules required to cover the adsorbent surface with a monolayer of adsorbed molecules, N m (Figure 2). Multiplying N m by the cross-sectional area of an adsorbate molecule yields the sample"tas surface area. Continued addition of gas molecules beyond monolayer formation leads to the gradual stacking of multiple layers (multi layers). The formation occurs in parallel to capillary condensation (Figure 3). The latter process is approximately described by the Kelvin equation, which relates equi- librium gas pressure to the size of capillaries capable of condensing gas within them. As the equilibrium gas pressure approaches saturation, the pores largely completely fill with adsorbate (Figure 4). Knowing the density of the adsorbate, one can calculate the volume it occupies and, consequently, the total pore volume of the sample. If at this stage one reverses the adsorption process by withdrawing known amounts of gas from the system in steps, desorption isotherms are generated. The resulting hysteresis leads to isotherm shapes that can be mechanistically related to those expected from particular pore -shapes. Older calculation methods such as the one by Barrett, Joyner and Halenda (B.J.H.) allow the computation of pore sizes from equilibrium gas pressures. One can therefore take experimental curves (isotherms) of adsorbed gas volumes versus relative pressures and convert them to cumulative or differential pore size distributions. Modern pore size models are based on Non-local Density Functional Theory (DFT )- a statistical mechanics approach that allows one to describe the sorption of gas molecules in nanoporous materials at a molecular level. Hence, the application of such microscopic-methods produces the most accurate surface area and pore size results. QUADRASORB evo 'BX? surface area & pore size analyzer 7 Small Cold Zone For Increased Sensitivity The sensitivity of a manometric sorption analyzer de- pends on the internal volume of the measurement zone "%?Bfree space) and how many adsorbate molecules remain unadsorbed. The goal always therefore is to minimize the amount of unadsorbed gas occupying the free space. For example202?ller rods that occupy the stem portion of the sample cell are commonly employed. Additionally the bulbous portion of the sample cell can be selected to minimize the free space, consistent with the bulk volume of the sample and its adsorption capacity. Measurements at lowe r absolute pressures can also be very eA0pVective, and this is why krypton (whose saturation pressure at liquid nitro - gen temperature is approximately 1/300 th that of nitrogen at the same temperature) is often employed when measuring extremely low surface areas (less than one square meter total for example@??P. The amount of unadsorbed gas is also a function of the temperature of the free space: the higher it is the fewer molecules it contains for a given pressure, and the lower it is the more molecules are present at the same pressure. In any manometric instrument part of the free space is “warm! E?not in coolant@??P, and part i!fEcold! E?submerged in coolant@??P. There - fore it is advantageous to minimize the volume of free space that is cold since every cm 3 at liquid nitrogen temperature "%?B77.4K) contains almost four times as many unadsorbed mole - cules as every cm 3 does around room temperature (e.g. 298K@??P. It is true that for any cell geometry more of it should be warm and less should be cold for maximum sensitivity. Coolant Dewar Support Arm. 30 hr Dewar Drive Shaft Sample Cell L evel Sensor Cabinet P0 Cell The transparent blue door encloses the physisorp - tion station for additional safety and improved temperature control. As the coolant evaporates, the level sensor signals the dewar drive to compensate for the change in level, thereby maintaining a constant and small cold EtIA Proprietary Technology for Enhanced Sensitivity e v o = I ntelligence with Enhanced Sensitivity Coolant level controlled here creates a small cold zone. Coolant level controlled here creates a large cold zone. other Quadrasorb QUADRASORB evo 'BX? surface area & pore size analyzer 8 NLDFT-Methods CPQ6` N2 at 77K on carbon (slit pore, equilibrium model) CPQ6` N 2 at 77K on carbon (cylindrical pore, equilibrium model) CPQ6` N 2 at 77K on carbon (slit & cylindrical pores, equilibrium model) CPQ6` Ar at 77K on carbon (slit pore, equilibrium model) CPQ6` Ar at 87K on carbon (slit pore, equilibrium model) CPQ6` Ar at 87K on carbon (cylindrical pore, equilibrium model) CPQ6` CO 2 at 273K on carbon (slit pore, equilibrium model) CPQ6` N 2 at 77K on silica (cylindrical pore, equilibrium model) CPQ6` N 2 at 77K on silica (cylindrical pore, adsorption branch model) CPQ6` N 2 at 77K on silica (cylindrical and spherical pores, adsorption branch model) CPQ6` Ar at 87K on zeolites/silica (spherical/cylindrical pore equilibrium model) CPQ6` Ar at 87K on zeolites/silica (spherical/cylindrical pore adsorption branch model) CPQ6` Ar at 87K on zeolites/silica (cylindrical pore, equilibrium model) CPQ6` Ar at 87K on zeolites/silica (cylindrical pore, adsorption branch model) GCMC-Methods CPQ6` CO 2- carbon at 273K based on a slit-pore model Fractal Dimension CPQ6` Neimark-Kiselev (NK), Frenkel-Halsey-Hill (FHH) QSDFT CPQ6` QSDFT – N 2 – carbon equilibrium transition kernel at 77 K based on a slit-pore model CPQ6` QSDFT – Ar – carbon equilibrium transition kernel at 87 K based on a slit-pore model CPQ6` QSDFT – N 2 – carbon adsorption branch kernel at 77 K based on a cylindrical pore model CPQ6` QSDFT – N 2 – carbon adsorption branch kernel at 77 K based on a cylindrical pore model CPQ6` QSDFT – N 2 – carbon equilibrium transition kernel at 77 K based on a slitpore model CPQ6` QSDFT, N 2, carbon equilibrium transition kernel at 77 K based on a slit?pore model (pore diameter < 2nm) and a cylindrical pore model (pore diameter > 2 nm) CPQ6` QSDFT, N 2, carbon adsorption branch kernel at 77 K based on a slitpore model (pore diameter < 2 nm) and cylindrical pore model (pore diameter > 2 nm) CPQ6` QSDFT, N 2, carbon adsorption branch kernel at 77 K based on a cylindrical pore model (pore diameter < 5 nm) and spherical pore model (pore diameter > 5 nm) CPQ6` QSDFT, N 2, carbon adsorption branch kernel at 77 K based on a slitpore model (pore diameter <2 nm) and a cylindrical pore model (pore di- ameter 2-5 nm) and a spherical pore model (pore diameter > 5 nm) QuadraWin'BX? Data Reporting Capabilities QUADRASORB evo 'BX? surface area & pore size analyzer 9 Software The QUADRASORB evo TM analyzer is micro-processor controlled, and communicates with a Window4–uRx Vista, 2000, XP or Window 7 based PC utilizing Quantachrome"tas state-of-the-art, data acquisition and data reduction software, QuadraWin TM. A 21CFR Part 11 compliant software version is available for the pharmaceutical industry. State-of-the-art The QuadraWin'BX? software is powerful and user friendly. QuadraWin'BX? is superior for data reduction, incorporating the latest DFT (Density Functional Theory) models. The software guides you through analysis setup, data reduction, graphs and report printouts. During operation one can view the accumulated data, the isotherm and all associated graphs and analytical results up to that point. After a run, reports and graphs are printed automatically or you can use the software to determine the best fitting method, to compare data by overlaying curves or to adjust graph, size, scaling, titles, plot markers and line colors for best print out. Data presentation A comprehensive range of surface area and pore size methods is available: (4’WAdsorption and desorption isotherms. (4’WMulti- and single point BET surface area. (4’WLangmuir surface area. (4’WMesopore size distributions (BJH and DH methods). (4’Wt-method by deBoer, Halsey, carbon black (STSA). (4’WAlpha-s and MP micropore methods. (4’WTotal pore volume, and average pore size. (4’WDubinin-Radushkevich (DR) micropore surface area. (4’WHorvath-Kawazoe, (HK) Dubinin-Astakhov (DA) and Saito-Foley (SF) micropore methods. (4’WExtensive Density Functional Theory (DFT ) library for unified micro and mesopore analysis using N 2, Ar and CO 2. EtIA Fractal dimension by Frenkel-Halsey-Hill (FHH) or Neimark-Kiselev (NK) models. QUADRASORB evo 'BX? surface area & pore size analyzer 10 11 21 CFR Part 11 The QUADRASORB evo TM, when configured for security and used with its 21 CFR Part 11 version of QuadraWin TM software, is designed to allow the user to meet the regulatory requirements for electronic records within the pharmaceutical and allied industries as set forth by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA intends to enforce Part 11* compliance under FDA Regulations, the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and the Public Health Service Act as outlined in its 2003 Guidance for Industry #’&Rdart 11, Electronic Records; Electronic Signatures - Scope and Application`y? prepared by the Os?"p?e of Compliance in the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER). This version of the QUADRASORB evo TM software adopts software design features to allow for easy integration into pharmaceutical and other GLP laboratories. * Final Rule, Federal Register / Vol. 62, No. 54, pp13429-13466, 1997 Audit Trail Functions & Reporting Features The audit trail does not obscure previous entries; old and new values are both recorded and visible. The audit trail itself cannot be edited and is included as part of the securely encoded data file it cannot become disconnect - ed. Changes to meta-data require that the user enter a reason, to be in accordance with the underlying predicate record rules, which is then retained as part of the audit trail. The audit trail is included in all human readable formats, screen display, print preview, PDF and hard copy formats. Multiple page report sets are linked by a unique report i.d. generated automatically by QuadraWin™. QuadraWin'BX?-CFR Software Functions Relating to System Access, Electronic Signatures and Security. Required login with unique user i.d. / full name combination. (4’WPassword aging and forced change. (4’WAutomatic user account expiration and / or manual suspension. (4’WSelectable minimum i.d. and password length. (4’W Three user levels gives three privilege levels. (4’WAccess level programmable by administrator level. (4’WProgrammable session time-out (auto log-off through inactivity). (4’WTamper resistant binary-encoded data files. (4’WData security is established through the closed QUADRASORB TM / QuadraW'c6d system. (4’WData reduction parameters (metadata) used to calculate final results are included as part of the data file. (4’W @5?u#Operator`y? user level does not have the access privileges to change meta-data. (4’WChanges to meta-data are reflected in the audit trail. (4’WData files acquired by means other than directly from the QUADRASORB TM instrument are flagged as such in the audit trail. @e?s`CFR Software- Audit Trail. 21 CFR Part 11 Software Features Includes many features that support these regulations and provide the necessary tools for customer compliance. QUADRASORB evo 'BX? surface area & pore size analyzer 11 Accessories Regulator Assembly Proper Quadrasorb™ functioning is assured when high-quality gas regulators are used. Quantachrome supplies complete assemblies which include two stage regulators with dual gauges, cylinder connector, isolation valve and 1/8” gas line connec - tor. The regulators feature metal, non-venting diaphragms and the appropriate CGA fitting for specific gases. Different assemblies are available for nitrogen (and other inerts including helium@??P, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, oxidizing gases etc. Vacuum Pump (standard applications) All vacuum volmetric gas sorption analyzers require a good vacuum pump and the QUADRASORB evo TM is no exception. The pump shall have the capability to pull an ultimate vacuum of 10 millitorr o r b e l o w. Q u a n t a c h ro m e c a n supply the correctly sized pump complete with oil, hoses and fittings. You are not required to purchase the necessary vacuum pump from Quantachrome, but if you do, the entire system will have been qualified in our factory as a set, ensuring consistent performance. % A? Vacuum Pumps (krypton/micropore model) Low pressure applications require a deeper vacuum that can only be achieved by a turbo- molecular pump. The turbo pump is included, and the correct backing pump can be supplied by Quantachrome either as a rotary oil pump or as an oil-free, dry diaphragm (membrane pump). Storage Dewars For the convenience of having larger quantities of liquefied gases on hand, Quantachrome offers storage dewars in sizes ranging from 5 liters to 30 liters, plus a transfer device and trolley for the largest size. QUADRASORB evo TM You are responsible for purchasing an instrument to meet your lab"tas needs of today. Do you know what your lab"tas needs will be five years from now? Only the evo TM provides you the ability to meet your needs of today with the assurance that you can adapt and evolve to meet your needs of tomorrow without having to purchase an entirely new analyzer. = adaptability + flexibility e v o = evolution QUADRASORB evo 'BX? surface area & pore size analyzer Our policy of continuous development may cause the information and specifications contained herein to change without notice or liability The quality of Quantachrome"tas after sales service support is the reason we are proud to maintain life time relationships with our customers. Renowned innovator for today"tas porous materials community. Field Service Our global service staff assure you that Quantachrome Instruments will continue to be the reliable engines of material characterization laboratories. We offer you the flexibility of choosing from service contracts tailored to provide you with the response time, service package, and spare parts discounts that best fit your needs. Spare Parts Quantachrome spare parts are certified to work with our instruments. We provide rapid response spare parts orders, and keep large inventories of replacement parts and hardware available. Application Lab Our fully equipped, state-of-the-art powder characterization laboratory (email: firstname.lastname@example.org), provides the option of contracting for expert testing services. Laboratory services are also available to validate the applicability of our products prior to your purchase using your actual samples. Lifetime Application Support We view the field support of our instruments as an essential component of our business strategy. Our expert scientists are always available to answer questions on applications, or the use of our instruments. We do this as a standard service regardless of whether you have a service contract with us or not. Partners in Science Quantachrome has a scientific research department consisting of world renowned experts in material characterization. Our staff, led by team conducts collaborative research projects with leading material research labs around the world. They regularly publish articles in leading peer reviewed journals, and speak at technical symposiums around the world. Trademarks and registered trade mark are the property of their respective owners. Serving Porous Materials and Powder Characterization Needs Since 1968 For almost half a century Quantachrome"tas scientists and engineers have revolution- ized measurement techniques and designed instrumentation to enable the accurate, precise, and reliable characteri- zation of powdered and porous materials. We have an unwavering commitment to providing state of the art technology, along with superior and unparalleled customer service and support. Our commitment to customers is to support you before, during, and after the sale throughout the lifetime of our instruments. This is a big commitment because our products are so robust and reliable that we regularly find many still in use for decades. Corporate Headquarters-USA Quantachrome Instruments a brand of Anton-Paar 1900 Corporate Drive Boynton Beach, FL 33426 www.quantachrome.com © 2018 Quantachrome Corporation I07IP001EN-A
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Date d'upload du document :
mardi 12 janvier 2021